Ingrown toenail is also known as onychocryptosis, which is a nail disease. This clinical condition is characterized by pain following the growth of the nail into one or either sides of the nail bed or paronychium in both hands and feet, but are most common in toenails.
The initiation of the disease is caused due to the microbial inflammation of the paronychium, secondary to a granuloma, and the result is a nail buried inside the granuloma. In other terms it can be explained as the penetration of the nail silver into the skin at the edges of the nails causing pain.
Ingrown toenails should be treated properly as soon as they are found as they can become infection and later become abscess leading to surgical treatment.They are very common in adults than that of children and infants.
Young adults of the age varying between 20s and 30s are at high risk of developing this clinical condition and are very common in men when compared to women.
Signs of Ingrown Toenails:
- Skin along the edge of the nail will appear to be growing over the nail, or the nail may seem to be growing underneath the skin.
- Skin may be swollen, firm, red, or tender to touch. At times, there may be a small amount of pus present.
Ingrown Toenails Causes
- Tight-fitting shoes
- High heels can cause toes compression and leads to abnormal growth of nails
- Improper trimming of toenails
- Fungal infections
- Acute injury near the nail
- Hereditary or genetically or family history
Home Remedies for Ingrown Toe Nails
- Soak the foot in warm water 3 to 4 times a day if possible. Keep the toe dry, otherwise.
- Gently massage over the inflamed skin.
- Place a small piece of cotton or dental floss under the nail. Wet the cotton with water or antiseptic.
- Consider briefly soaking your foot in warm water to soften the nail.
- Use a clean, sharp trimmer.
- Trim toenails straight across the top. Do not taper or round the corners or trim too short. Do not try to cut out the ingrown portion of the nail yourself. This will only make the problem worse
- Consider wearing sandals until the problem has gone away. Over-the-counter medications that are placed over the ingrown toenail may help some with the pain but do not treat the problem.