Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)


Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the pain felt at the wrist of the person caused due to the entrapment of the median nerve in the carpal bones in the wrist. Usually it occurs due to prolonged typing on keyboard of computers.

The CTS is primarily characterized by numbness in the thumb, index finger, long and radial half of the ring finger intermittently. The onset is often at night when the writs are held stretched during sleep. At times it is so painful that can make a person wake up from sleep

It is also assumed that a person’s sleeping position like sleeping one side can be associated with the onset that can be relieved by using wrist splint. A prolonged carpel tunnel syndrome in a person can even cause permanent damage of the median nerve along with continued numbness, degeneration of some muscles of the thenar eminence, and difficulty to fold the hand called palmar abduction



Signs of Carpel Tunnel Syndrome

  • Numbness.
  • Tingling
  • Burning sensation
  • Loss of grip strength
  • Weakness and deterioration of thenar muscle.

Carpel Tunnel Syndrome Causes Some other causes associated to cause CTS are as follows:


  • Obesity.
  • Oral contraceptive.
  • Hypothyroidism.
  • Arthritis.
  • Diabetes.
  • Trauma.
  • Alcoholism

Who are prone to get carpel tunnel syndrome

  • Sewing
  • Painting
  • Writing
  • Driving
  • Racquetball or handball players
  • Assembly line work.
  • Some musical instruments

The syndrome is very commonly affecting people of the age group of 30-60 years old and amongst them women are more affected that that of when compared to men in the world.

Diagnosis of CTS: There are three ways to diagnosis the syndrome, they are as follows

  • Nerve condition velocity.
  • Electromyography.
  • Wrist x-rays.

How to prevent carpel tunnel syndrome:

  • Repetitive wrist movements should be reduced to a maximum extent if possible.
  • Tools and equipments that are designed to reduce the wrist injury risk should be used properly.
  • Usage of split keyboards, typing pads, keyboard trays, and wrist braces should be used.
  • The wrist posture should be proper to avoid the onset during typing.
  • Frequent breaks are suggested in case of prolonged use of keyboards, if pain and tingling are felt.